Monthly Archives: January 2021

Warning: ADHD Aspect Outcomes From Stimulant Medicines Can Be Hazardous to Your Child’s Wellbeing

Ritalin and Adderall are two of the most well-known and typical stimulant drugs used nowadays to deal with Interest Deficit Hyperactivity Dysfunction. Applied adequately and underneath the direction of a psychiatrist, these stimulant remedies can offer gains and improvements in your child’s conduct, encouraging them to perform and realize much better equally at residence and at college. But these enhancements can occur with a higher rate – ADHD side consequences.

Adderall has extended been the most normally approved medication for treating Consideration Deficit Hyperactivity Condition. People who have taken also significantly Adderall have skilled this sort of ADHD side results as unexpected elevated hyperactivity, uncontrolled speedy and shallow breathing, confusion, fever, muscle mass aches, shaking, unexpected aggressiveness, and even hallucinations.

The ADHD aspect consequences from having Adderall can be designed even worse if the individual recommended Adderall is also taking other remedies for other ailments, such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (made use of to take care of melancholy), Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (also for treating depression), Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (used in dealing with ADHD, being overweight and as an urge for food suppressant), and numerous other common medication. Taking Adderall alongside with any of these frequently prescribed medicines can trigger irreversible and lasting harm and has even been recognised to bring about strokes and loss of life in kids.

Do not think me? Effectively look at this fact – A couple a long time back Wellbeing Canada, the state-run Federal department of the Canadian health technique, experienced taken Adderall off the market place just after 20 to 30 reported cases of stroke, coronary heart problems, and even sudden deaths occurred in youthful young children who experienced been taking Adderall.
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Now as a skillfully accredited Scientific Social Employee with twenty a long time in the subject working with youngsters, I have to consider the challenges of taking Adderall cannot quite possibly outweigh these risky ADHD facet outcomes. This is what led me to investigation normal Adderall options in treating the signs or symptoms of ADHD. Natural Adderall options can enable young children continue being targeted and ready to focus in university, devoid of all the dangerous ADHD side consequences.

Different Sort of On line Casinos

On line casinos are not just well-liked for giving wonderful gambling and betting game titles, they also deliver the gamers to love the comforts of their household and enjoy fingers at the digital casinos. The on the net casinos are generally an on-line edition of the land based casinos and let the casino players to love actively playing video games via the Planet Wide World wide web. Apart from giving the chance to earn some total of serious money, these casinos provide numerous appealing bonuses to gamers as very well. A mind boggling matter value thinking of about these on-line casinos is that the playback and odds proportion furnished by

these casinos are equivalent to the land primarily based kinds. With the advancement of engineering, a few diverse varieties of on-line casinos are now available for the on line casino fans to test their luck at.
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These 3 kinds of digital casinos vary from one an additional on account of their interfaces.

As the title spells, these are living based casinos offer you a serious time casino atmosphere to the players. In these styles of casinos, the on the net gamers have an capacity to interact very easily with dealers together with the other players at tables in on line casino studios. Gamers are even allowed to see, interact and listen to the dealers and this in turn features a authentic world on line casino really feel to the on the internet players. These reside primarily based on line casinos are essentially meant for all those who wish to get enjoyment in the serious planet gaming atmosphere even though making the most of the appealing on the web online games.

Pores and skin Procedure For Your Everlasting Magnificence

In a previous publish I talked in usual about the secrets of how to get a Pure make-up seem.
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Now I will involve in excess depth all you will want to know about a exceptional pores and skin treatment regimen. I will unveil the pores and skin treatment tips that will be the foundation of a lifelong healthful, wonderful expertise. This will make, help and fortify a dependable foundation for astonishing seems to be and significantly healthier pores and pores and skin.

I have to start by telling you that recognizing your pores and skin is the to get started with stage to a lovely and healthful pores and skin. We are not ready to determine the suitable skin treatment routine with out this know-how. There are four normal kinds of pores and skin: dry, which is usually manifested by a deficiency of glow, has significant-high-quality pores, and it has the inclination to acquire early wrinkles oily, which is particularly the reverse, acquiring extra glow and dilated pores, but without having obtaining the appropriate pores and pores and skin treatment routine, it can make blackheads, acne breakouts and other problems typical pores and skin is the dreamy skin just excellent and with a well balanced quality of hydration delicate pores and skin is not that unheard of, and without the need of the suited pores and pores and skin remedy regimen can immediate to sizeable pores and skin challenges where by you minimum want them. This form of pores and skin has reddish visual visual appeal, it may perhaps probably itch, peel, and it feels incredibly limited. Finally blend pores and skin, which merge a human being or a lot of styles of skin in numerous aspects of the confront typically on the “T” zone (brow, nose and shin).

We are continually expelling several poisonous compounds from our pores and pores and skin by our sweat. When the ingesting water of our sweat dries we are remaining off with individuals persons contaminants. In extra of time, these accumulate, and they damage our pores and skin and make it dry. To acquire out the makeup of the eyes and mouth we want to use a make-up remover that has the quite very same hydration as the tears. The pores and skin about the eyes and mouth is considerably much more inclined to wrinkles many thanks to the absence of hydration. When eradicating the make-up, never ever rub your eyes and mouth. Just use tender and sluggish movements, undertaking this will keep away from wrinkles. At very last, for the relaxation of your knowledge, use a item that is for your pores and pores and skin type. Use the cleaner softly to your working experience for a moment or so to hold absent from wrinkles. Some homemade expertise cleaners are: Lemon and yogurt Milk Cleaner, Strawberry milk cleaner, etcetera.

A excellent pores and skin procedure method are not equipped to be thorough devoid of a tonic that matches your pores and pores and skin type. The tonic removes the rest of the poisonous compounds and filth from your pores and skin leaving it refreshing. It is preferable to use a non-alcoholic drinks tonic. Alcoholic beverages based mostly products can provide much more troubles to the skin for the cause that they can give you the untrue effect of managing the oil of your pores and pores and skin, but at the complete, can deliver even far more, generating excess unwanted zits and oily skin. It is incredibly essential to use the tonic over extremely apparent skin to get the complete get from it. Some outstanding handmade tonics are: Rose h2o, Chamomile tonic, etcetera.

Different Variety of On-line Casinos

On-line casinos are not just well-known for giving wonderful gambling and betting games, they also provide the players to get pleasure from the comforts of their house and participate in hands at the virtual casinos.
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The on-line casinos are typically an online edition of the land primarily based casinos and enable the on line casino players to love participating in online games as a result of the Planet Wide Web. Aside from supplying the prospect to acquire some total of actual hard cash, these casinos provide quite a few appealing bonuses to gamers as nicely. A head boggling point worth contemplating about these on the net casinos is that the playback and odds percentage delivered by

these casinos are equivalent to the land centered ones. With the growth of technology, a few diverse varieties of on the web casinos are now out there for the casino fans to consider their luck at. These 3 forms of digital casinos vary from one another on account of their interfaces.

As the identify spells, these dwell based mostly casinos give a authentic time on line casino environment to the gamers. In these forms of casinos, the on the web players have an capacity to interact conveniently with sellers along with the other players at tables in casino studios. Players are even authorized to see, interact and listen to the dealers and this in turn features a real planet casino really feel to the on the web players. These live primarily based online casinos are basically intended for all all those who desire to take satisfaction in the real environment gaming ambiance though enjoying the attention-grabbing on the web games.

On line Casinos Vs Land Casinos

On the web on line casino games are excellent creation that completely remodeled the subject of gambling. They empower people to gamble with much less determination of time, funds and inconvenience than prior to. Evaluating on the internet casino with land on line casino is like evaluating apples and oranges, every single charm to unique features of a player’s sport. Let us take a seem at the benefits and shortcomings of on line casino game titles as compared to the land-dependent casino.

The Environment: there is fantastic fun and excitement enjoying on line casino game titles at the true casino, but when it comes down to what critical to the casinos – gambling the casino ambiance is trying to dissolve and distract you… from your cash. In land casino you are competing not only against the sellers and other players but also the on line casino crowd that observe your just about every transfer. A single a lot more drawbacks begin with the journey to the casino.
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Depending on where you are living, you might have to generate for many hrs, or fly, just to get there., on the other hand, When you pick out an on the net on line casino, you continue being in manage. An on line on line casino are not able to outdo you in the consolation of your personal dwelling. You do not have to travel you will not even have to get dressed. There is a little something liberating and thrilling about understanding that any casino game that you could probably want to participate in is obtainable at your fingertips.

Cash!! In land casino you purchase chips with true dollars in an on the web on line casino you will generate a casino account and transfer money into it. The basic distinction having said that that in an online casino you know how much income you have at all moments. The chips are only employed for bets and the overall detail isn’t as puzzling as it would be in a land casino.
The most vital detail is that on the web casino will allow you participate in totally free, in a land-based mostly casino you can not enter and engage in practice games ahead of you begin betting any genuine income, but at on-line on line casino. No dilemma! Perform as quite a few free game titles as you want. Consider new game titles that you are not positive about. Practice your game tactic. Perform right up until you truly feel comfortable with the recreation and self-confident that you realize all the policies and safe with your technique. In an on line casino, you can play all the games for absolutely free, for as extended as you want. Then, you can gamble true cash only when you make your mind up that you want to.

Are the game titles definitely different? In roulette, for illustration, there is a variation in the expertise of clicking the Spin button in an on the internet roulette recreation and the knowledge of observing the croupier spin a true roulette ball close to a authentic roulette wheel. But beside that various, the match is the same. When you play roulette on the net, you engage in with a Random Amount Generator that is programmed so that, over the very long operate, every single roulette amount will hit 1 out of 38 moments, just like on a real roulette wheel. So the variations involving them are seriously a issue of preference and flavor more than any significant variations in the sport enjoy alone.

In slot devices, the similarities are even more hanging. In the land-dependent casinos the slots are not mechanical “one particular-armed bandits” anymore. The computerized slot equipment you would engage in in a land casino are specifically the exact same as the computerized slot equipment you would enjoy in an on-line casino. The only distinction is that when you enjoy slots on the internet you are taking part in from the ease and comfort of your individual dwelling, and you can get up and choose break without dropping your spot at your favourite slot device.

Introduction to On the internet Casino Bonuses

The on the net casino system has grown greatly in the very last ten years or so that it has been in existence – to a point the place it is virtually surpassing the brick and mortar on line casino system of the fore. Certainly, although challenging studies are challenging to appear by, likelihood are that at this issue in time, there are much more frequent on line casino gamers who perform on online casinos than there are participating in in the common brick and mortar casinos. Comparing in conditions of enjoying volumes (quantities of dollars deposited and winnings gained), on-line casinos are also most likely to acquire around brick and mortar casinos arms down.
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Now a person of the best attractions that have drawn so many men and women into on the net casinos is the bonuses they offer you.

The way the online casino bonuses work is this sort of that for every volume of ‘playing money’ dollars a person deposits into the online casino, the on line casino -or the ‘house’ as the casino is regarded in these circles – tops up with a specified amount. This way, a man or woman who deposits $one hundred into the on line casino, for occasion, could possibly locate the ‘house’ topping their $100 deposit with yet another $twenty, so that thanks to the on line casino bonuses program, these a person gets to participate in as significantly as they would have played experienced they deposited $one hundred twenty into the casino, for participating in uses.

On the web casino bonuses can for that reason be observed as the on-line casino’s strategy of a ‘discount on purchase’ where by for every sum of ‘playing service’ a player buys, they are specified some much more of the similar assistance, for no cost.

Each and every on-line on line casino that provides a bonus generally does so less than its own nicely considered out method, so that we finish up with a situation where ‘all on-line casino deposits are not equal.’ Indeed, analyzing the a variety of bonuses that on line casinos offer you, we may well conclude up with a problem the place armed with a scoring conditions, we can rank the numerous on the internet casino bonuses from the ‘mediocre’ to the ‘ordinary’ and onto the very best casino bonuses.

For the most aspect, the greatest on line casino bonuses tend to be stated in percentages (like exactly where the ‘house’ provides to best up each sum deposited into the on line casino account with a mounted percentage of it, say 5 or ten per cent). Of course, there are some on-line casinos that condition their bonuses in mounted greenback amounts (like in which for each and every $a hundred deposited, they top rated up with $10), and these much too, can change out to be fantastic in some conditions.

Introduction to On the web On line casino Bonuses

The on line on line casino procedure has developed tremendously in the previous ten years or so that it has been in existence – to a stage in which it is practically surpassing the brick and mortar on line casino program of the fore. In truth, nevertheless really hard data are tough to appear by, prospects are that at this position in time, there are additional regular on line casino players who play on on the internet casinos than there are enjoying in the regular brick and mortar casinos.
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Evaluating in terms of taking part in volumes (amounts of funds deposited and winnings acquired), online casinos are also very likely to acquire more than brick and mortar casinos palms down.

Now a person of the biggest points of interest that have drawn so quite a few men and women into on the net casinos is the bonuses they present.

The way the online casino bonuses function is these that for each individual amount of ‘playing money’ dollars one particular deposits into the on-line casino, the on line casino -or the ‘house’ as the casino is identified in these circles – tops up with a specified total. This way, a particular person who deposits $a hundred into the casino, for instance, may discover the ‘house’ topping their $100 deposit with an additional $twenty, so that thanks to the online on line casino bonuses procedure, this sort of a particular person will get to enjoy as a lot as they would have performed experienced they deposited $120 into the casino, for enjoying reasons.

On line casino bonuses can as a result be viewed as the on line casino’s idea of a ‘discount on purchase’ the place for each and every sum of ‘playing service’ a player buys, they are supplied some additional of the very same provider, for totally free.

Every single on the internet casino that gives a bonus generally does so beneath its own very well considered out method, so that we conclude up with a circumstance wherever ‘all online on line casino deposits are not equal.’ In fact, inspecting the many bonuses that on the internet casinos present, we could possibly stop up with a condition where armed with a scoring standards, we can rank the different online casino bonuses from the ‘mediocre’ to the ‘ordinary’ and onto the greatest casino bonuses.

For the most part, the finest on line casino bonuses are inclined to be said in percentages (like wherever the ‘house’ provides to best up each individual volume deposited into the casino account with a fixed share of it, say 5 or ten per cent). Of program, there are some on the web casinos that point out their bonuses in mounted greenback quantities (like in which for every $100 deposited, they prime up with $ten), and these also, can flip out to be good in some scenarios.

Top quality Over Quantity – Why United states of america On-line Casinos Are Superior

Back in 1996, the explosion of on the web on line casino gambling swept the world. The United States had been a large element of this, and many gamblers experienced turned to online casinos for all of their gaming.
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For a lot of decades, these casinos ongoing to be played unabated. Regrettably, back again in 2006, laws was handed that designed it a bit challenging for online casinos to continue to work. This legislation, sneaked in by piggyback through the Safe and sound Port Act, would be named the Illegal Net Gambling Enforcement Act, and it became a thorn in the side of the on the net gambler, the on the net on line casino, and all payment processors there in.

The Unlawful Online Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006, or the UIGEA, had, in a nutshell, prohibited banking institutions and payment processors from processing transactions that would correlate to on the internet gambling. This has not only intricate loading accounts, but also withdrawing. Even though United states of america on-line casinos have continued to run, they have had to use payment processors that would circumvent these constraints. Regrettably, the UIGEA was not even established to go into impact till December of 2009, assumed the implications of the laws experienced slide out that would be practically nothing shorter of catastrophic for a lot of on the internet gambling companies, primarily people that relied seriously on the United States marketplace.

The UIGEA had hamstrung many of the operations all-around the globe that used the American market in order to continue to be ahead in gains, all the even though trying to keep losses to a small. The implications ran deep, harmful many corporations functioning these casinos. Not only experienced some of the more substantial, publicly traded on-line casinos taken a significant hit to the price per share, which in transform hurt the shareholders of those people firms, but also charge the companies revenue from the United States Sector. PartyGaming will come to head precisely, while other big gambling corporations experienced taken a hit. Also, a lot of executives in charge of several of the on line casinos, such as Anurag Dikshit, a single of the early founders of PartyGaming, experienced been indicted and fined for their involvement in on the web gambling – regardless of the simple fact that these corporations experienced been centered outside of the United States. Payment processors experienced also been considerably impacted, as quite a few of these monetary firms experienced taken a blow from federal persecution, which, in some instances, amounted to hundreds of thousands and thousands of dollars in seizures. Sadly, the UIGEA had not even been invoked in a lot of of these seizures. Fairly, the Wire Act of 1961, a regulation that experienced been passed a long time just before the Web was even starting to develop into what we see currently.

Inspite of the legal guidelines that had begun to inhibit on line casino gambling, a lot of on-line casinos ongoing to take United states players. When quite a few of the greater models of on the internet on line casino experienced been stripped from the United States sector, many many others experienced remained steadfast in their commitment to providing casino gaming to the American sector. Nevertheless there are on the web casinos continue to functioning in the United states, the preference has grow to be constrained. In buy to target on a marginal sector, on the net casinos accepting American gamers had to deliver a assistance of increased top quality. That acquiring been claimed, those on-line casinos have had to outclass the older varieties of casino computer software that experienced taken out by themselves from the American sector.

There are presently three big manufacturers of casino program that have yet to cease working inside the United States. These brand names have no intention on leaving the American marketplace, and nevertheless out conduct all those that have already remaining United states gamers large and dry. Genuine Time Gaming, or RTG, Rival Gaming, or only Rival, and Odds On, also acknowledged as Vegas Technology, are the 3 styles of casino application nevertheless accepting Us citizens. Each individual carries its very own distinctive attributes, while they universally out conduct these who have remaining the United states powering, together with Microgaming, Playtech, and many others. Though some of the personal casinos working underneath these brands have made a decision not to articles with the contention of the United States governing administration, virtually all of them continue on to provide United states gamers with substantial good quality on line casino gaming.

Circuit Ocean Internatinal Co.,Ltd

MIC MOSFET is set up by Circuit Ocean International company, with 12 years professional electronic component ditribution experience for active and passive component,including MOSFET,Diode,IC, ceramic disc capacitor, high voltage components. In 2017 Circuit Ocean Int company partner with domestic IC packing and assembly / testing plant to present own brand of power semiconductor – MIC MOSFET. All MIC mosfet have own design patent, product range include low voltage and high voltage mosfet (-100V P-mos to 600V N-mos), super low forwards voltage shottky, super fast recovery diode, and power management IC.

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Our Wafer foundry partner:

Powerchip Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp

They have 3 set of 12 inch factories, 2 set 8 inch factories, more than 6000 employees; oriented to high-end students with professional wafer unique product technology as the industry orientation direction of science and technology, artificial intelligence and semiconductor chip technology, and field effect wafers (MOSFET) and other mature technologies.

Vanguard International Semiconductor Corporation (VIS)

They are constantly improving in process technology and production efficiency and continuously provide the most cost-effective complete solution.At present, there are two eight inch wafer factories in Xinzhu Science Park
Production capacity is about 100000 wafers.

Shanghai Huahong NEC Electronics Co., Ltd.

They rated as one of the top ten IC OEM enterprises in the world,It has the first 8 inch large scale integrated circuit chip production line in mainland China.The main products are 4-inch chip production line and 6-inch chip production line, the former AOS OEM factory. Huahong group’s chip production line has 0.35-0.15 μ M memory, logic and hybrid signal circuit technology and CMOS, BiCOMS technology for communication products.

Our Packaging factory:

Tianshui Huatian Technology Co., LTD

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GREAT TEAM BACKEND FOUNDRY LTD.

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How Can Instructional Technology Make Teaching and Learning More Effective in the Schools?

In the past few years of research on instructional technology has resulted in a clearer vision of how technology can affect teaching and learning. Today, almost every school in the United States of America uses technology as a part of teaching and learning and with each state having its own customized technology program. In most of those schools, teachers use the technology through integrated activities that are a part of their daily school curriculum. For instance, instructional technology creates an active environment in which students not only inquire, but also define problems of interest to them. Such an activity would integrate the subjects of technology, social studies, math, science, and language arts with the opportunity to create student-centered activity. Most educational technology experts agree, however, that technology should be integrated, not as a separate subject or as a once-in-a-while project, but as a tool to promote and extend student learning on a daily basis.

Today, classroom teachers may lack personal experience with technology and present an additional challenge. In order to incorporate technology-based activities and projects into their curriculum, those teachers first must find the time to learn to use the tools and understand the terminology necessary for participation in projects or activities. They must have the ability to employ technology to improve student learning as well as to further personal professional development.

Instructional technology empowers students by improving skills and concepts through multiple representations and enhanced visualization. Its benefits include increased accuracy and speed in data collection and graphing, real-time visualization, the ability to collect and analyze large volumes of data and collaboration of data collection and interpretation, and more varied presentation of results. Technology also engages students in higher-order thinking, builds strong problem-solving skills, and develops deep understanding of concepts and procedures when used appropriately.

Technology should play a critical role in academic content standards and their successful implementation. Expectations reflecting the appropriate use of technology should be woven into the standards, benchmarks and grade-level indicators. For example, the standards should include expectations for students to compute fluently using paper and pencil, technology-supported and mental methods and to use graphing calculators or computers to graph and analyze mathematical relationships. These expectations should be intended to support a curriculum rich in the use of technology rather than limit the use of technology to specific skills or grade levels. 5G UK makes subjects accessible to all students, including those with special needs. Options for assisting students to maximize their strengths and progress in a standards-based curriculum are expanded through the use of technology-based support and interventions. For example, specialized technologies enhance opportunities for students with physical challenges to develop and demonstrate mathematics concepts and skills. Technology influences how we work, how we play and how we live our lives. The influence technology in the classroom should have on math and science teachers’ efforts to provide every student with “the opportunity and resources to develop the language skills they need to pursue life’s goals and to participate fully as informed, productive members of society,” cannot be overestimated.

Technology provides teachers with the instructional technology tools they need to operate more efficiently and to be more responsive to the individual needs of their students. Selecting appropriate technology tools give teachers an opportunity to build students’ conceptual knowledge and connect their learning to problem found in the world. The technology tools such as Inspiration® technology, Starry Night, A WebQuest and Portaportal allow students to employ a variety of strategies such as inquiry, problem-solving, creative thinking, visual imagery, critical thinking, and hands-on activity.

Benefits of the use of these technology tools include increased accuracy and speed in data collection and graphing, real-time visualization, interactive modeling of invisible science processes and structures, the ability to collect and analyze large volumes of data, collaboration for data collection and interpretation, and more varied presentations of results.

Technology integration strategies for content instructions. Beginning in kindergarten and extending through grade 12, various technologies can be made a part of everyday teaching and learning, where, for example, the use of meter sticks, hand lenses, temperature probes and computers becomes a seamless part of what teachers and students are learning and doing. Contents teachers should use technology in ways that enable students to conduct inquiries and engage in collaborative activities. In traditional or teacher-centered approaches, computer technology is used more for drill, practice and mastery of basic skills.

The instructional strategies employed in such classrooms are teacher centered because of the way they supplement teacher-controlled activities and because the software used to provide the drill and practice is teacher selected and teacher assigned. The relevancy of technology in the lives of young learners and the capacity of technology to enhance teachers’ efficiency are helping to raise students’ achievement in new and exciting ways.

As students move through grade levels, they can engage in increasingly sophisticated hands-on, inquiry-based, personally relevant activities where they investigate, research, measure, compile and analyze information to reach conclusions, solve problems, make predictions and/or seek alternatives. They can explain how science often advances with the introduction of new technologies and how solving technological problems often results in new scientific knowledge. They should describe how new technologies often extend the current levels of scientific understanding and introduce new areas of research. They should explain why basic concepts and principles of science and technology should be a part of active debate about the economics, policies, politics and ethics of various science-related and technology-related challenges.

Students need grade-level appropriate classroom experiences, enabling them to learn and to be able to do science in an active, inquiry-based fashion where technological tools, resources, methods and processes are readily available and extensively used. As students integrate technology into learning about and doing science, emphasis should be placed on how to think through problems and projects, not just what to think.

Technological tools and resources may range from hand lenses and pendulums, to electronic balances and up-to-date online computers (with software), to methods and processes for planning and doing a project. Students can learn by observing, designing, communicating, calculating, researching, building, testing, assessing risks and benefits, and modifying structures, devices and processes – while applying their developing knowledge of science and technology.
Most students in the schools, at all age levels, might have some expertise in the use of technology, however K-12 they should recognize that science and technology are interconnected and that using technology involves assessment of the benefits, risks and costs. Students should build scientific and technological knowledge, as well as the skill required to design and construct devices. In addition, they should develop the processes to solve problems and understand that problems may be solved in several ways.

Rapid developments in the design and uses of technology, particularly in electronic tools, will change how students learn. For example, graphing calculators and computer-based tools provide powerful mechanisms for communicating, applying, and learning mathematics in the workplace, in everyday tasks, and in school mathematics. Technology, such as calculators and computers, help students learn mathematics and support effective mathematics teaching. Rather than replacing the learning of basic concepts and skills, technology can connect skills and procedures to deeper mathematical understanding. For example, geometry software allows experimentation with families of geometric objects, and graphing utilities facilitate learning about the characteristics of classes of functions.

Learning and applying mathematics requires students to become adept in using a variety of techniques and tools for computing, measuring, analyzing data and solving problems. Computers, calculators, physical models, and measuring devices are examples of the wide variety of technologies, or tools, used to teach, learn, and do mathematics. These tools complement, rather than replace, more traditional ways of doing mathematics, such as using symbols and hand-drawn diagrams.

Technology, used appropriately, helps students learn mathematics. Electronic tools, such as spreadsheets and dynamic geometry software, extend the range of problems and develop understanding of key mathematical relationships. A strong foundation in number and operation concepts and skills is required to use calculators effectively as a tool for solving problems involving computations. Appropriate uses of those and other technologies in the mathematics classroom enhance learning, support effective instruction, and impact the levels of emphasis and ways certain mathematics concepts and skills are learned. For instance, graphing calculators allow students to quickly and easily produce multiple graphs for a set of data, determine appropriate ways to display and interpret the data, and test conjectures about the impact of changes in the data.